CUHK Business School Announces the 5th HKBSI and Launches the Greater Bay Area BSI
CUHK Business School Announces the 5th Hong Kong Business Sustainability Index and Launches the Greater Bay Area Business Sustainability Index
The first-of-its-kind business sustainability index for Greater China is in the pipeline for 2021

Press Release by CUHK Business School

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) Business School’s Centre for Business Sustainability (CBS) announces results of the 5th Hong Kong Business Sustainability Index (HKBSI) and launches the Greater Bay Area Business Sustainability Index (GBABSI) today.

The HKBSI is aimed at charting the ongoing development and performance of Hang Seng Index constituent companies on business sustainability. Compared to the results of the 4th HKBSI released last January, the overall average score of the 50 Hang Seng Index (HSI) constituent companies as at 30 July 2019 in the 5th HKBSI was 57.54 (out of 100 points), up by 2.73 percent, whereas the performance of the top 20 companies remained stable with a slight increase of 1.93 percent.

HKBSI aims at encouraging companies in Hong Kong to adopt corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a progressive business model for them to achieve business sustainability. Putting a spotlight on the largest companies as a leading force, 50 HSI constituent companies were invited to complete an online assessment questionnaire concerning their CSR performance for the financial year ended in 2017-18, based on publicly available information. Each company was assessed in three major areas, namely CSR Values, CSR Process (comprising CSR management and practices) and CSR Impact against seven stakeholder groups, as well as the company’s contributions to economic, social and environmental sustainability. As the technical partner of the project, SGS Hong Kong Limited conducted sample check and verification of the information provided by individual companies.

For the top 20 HKBSI companies, the mean score of this round recorded an increase of 1.93 percent from 75.57 points in the last round. However, more companies (46%) reached the “Performer” level with an average score of over 60 points. The Hong Kong and China Gas Company Limited and HSBC Holdings plc were at the top level of “Exemplar” with over 90 points. This reflected that these companies’ business sustainability performance has reached an international standard.

Prof. Carlos Lo, Director of CBS, explained that the assessment of HKBSI is based on the unique “Values – Process – Impact” (VPI) model, which was developed and launched in 2015 by the Sustainability Management Research Centre. Prof. Lo said, “There has been progressive advancement in the performance of business sustainability over the past five rounds of HKBSI. However, in this round, the change of HSI constituents restricted the increase of the overall average score as companies with a higher average score (58.51 points) were replaced by those with lower scores (37.35 points).”

Within the VPI model, the average score of “Values” and “Impact” remained stable compared with the 4th HKBSI, while “Process-Management” and “Process-Practice” improved slightly with 8.54 percent and 4.75 percent rise respectively. In terms of stakeholder analysis, companies were adopting more proactive CSR strategies by putting more effort on improving their environmental practice (+21.32%). This may be due to the increasing global concern on climate change and pollution.

The First Business Sustainability Index for the Greater Bay Area

To encourage and motivate companies in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA) to adopt CSR as a progressive business model, CBS extended its sustainability index project to cover Hong Kong listed companies with operations in GBA that are eligible for southbound trading under the Stock Connect scheme. With the introduction of the inaugural GBABSI, 67 constituent companies of the Hang Seng Stock Connect Hong Kong Greater Bay Area Index (HSSCBBA) as at 30 July 2019 were invited to complete an online assessment questionnaire with the same scope as HKBSI.

Benchmarking against the 5th HKBSI results, the overall average score (45.6 points) of the GBABSI companies was lower, but the standard deviation was wider (21.77 points), reflecting a huge performance gap between the top- and bottom-performing companies. The overall performance of the 1st GBABSI was comparable to that of the 2nd HKBSI (observation Year 2015).

The performance gap between the top 20 GBABSI companies and the rest was pronounced. The average score of the top 20 companies was 76.64 points and that of the bottom 20 companies was 23.81 points. 43 out of 67 GBABSI companies (64%) scored less than 50 points. As for Hong Kong based and non-Hong Kong based GBABSI companies, the performance gap between them was also wide with an average score of 54.80 points and 36.12 points respectively. Among the assessment aspects of VPI, the GBABSI constituents, particularly those based outside Hong Kong, had much space for improvement in all the four aspects (Value, Management, Practice and Impact), and “Impact” was the weakest area across the board.

Commenting on the results, Prof. Lo explained that HKBSI has been compiled for five rounds, and the requirements were well recognised by HSI constituent companies. Among the GBABSI companies, 18 also took part in the 5th HKBSI. HKBSI serves to engage companies in seeking continuous improvement of their CSR practices, while GBABSI seeks to arouse awareness in adoption of business sustainability practices among GBA companies.

In 2021, CBS plans to introduce the Greater China Business Sustainability (GCBSI) Index covering 200 listed companies from HSI, FTSE TWSE Taiwan 50 Index, Shenzhen 100 Index and Shanghai Stock Exchange SSE 50 A Share Index. The launch of this consolidated business sustainability index will not only encourage and motivate companies in the region to integrate CSR initiatives into everyday business, but also to serve as a robust indicator for ESG investors in selecting companies with socially responsible corporate behaviour. In addition, the Association of Sustainability Professionals will be established under the aegis of CBS. The association will seek to support corporate sustainability management by promoting the professionalisation of CSR management, including the cultivation of CSR/business sustainability practitioners as professionals, the formulation of a qualification framework for sustainability management, and the performance of qualification accreditation.


Average Scores

5th HKBSI 4th HKBSI Changes (5th vs 4th HKBSI)
3rd HKBSI 2nd HKBSI 1st HKBSI Changes (5th vs 1st HKBSI)
Overall Mean (all companies) 57.64 56.01 +2.73% 50.82 45.73 41.75 +37.82%
Top 20 Mean 77.03 75.57 +1.93% 72.46 68.82 57.25 +34.55%
HK-based Mean 66.22 64.22 +3.11% 60.01 55.44 49.42 +33.99%
Non HK-based Mean 49.53 48.44 +2.25% 42.33 36.02 35.17 +40.83%


Overall Performance Level

5th vs 4th HKBSI 5th HKBSI 4th HKBSI 3rd HKBSI 2nd HKBSI 1st HKBSI
90-100 points
+1 2 (4%) 1 (2%)
80-89 points
-2 6 (12%) 8 (16%) 5 (10%) 2 (4%)
70-79 points
+2 5 (10%) 3 (6%) 6 (12%) 10 (20%)
60-69 points
+2 10 (20%) 8 (16%) 7 (14%) 3 (6%) 8 (16%)
50-59 points
-6 6 (12%) 12 (24%) 7 (14%) 4 (8%) 12 (24%)
Below 50 points
+3 21 (42%) 18 (36%) 25 (50%) 31 (62%) 30 (60%)


Overall VPI Scores

5th HKBSI 4th HKBSI Changes (5th vs 4th HKBSI) 3rd HKBSI 2nd HKBSI 1st HKBSI Changes (4th vs 1st HKBSI)
Values 65.22 66.34 -1.69% 62.40 55.53 54.08 +20.60%
Process – Management 66.60 61.36 +8.54% 58.48 54.80 50.97 +30.67%
Process – Practice 65.31 62.35 +4.75% 56.22 51.71 37.34 +74.90%
Impact 38.62 39.23 -1.55% 32.59 28.51 32.71 +18.07%


Process-Practice by Stakeholder Analysis

Change Scores Stakeholders Stakeholders Scores
+4.75% 65.31 Overall Overall 62.53
-9.00% 71.79 Investor Investor 78.89
+0.74% 66.99 Employee Employee 66.50
+6.25% 68.81 Customer Customer 64.76
-11.97% 52.36 Government Government 69.48
+7.55% 62.50 Community Community 58.11
+8.81% 61.36 Supplier Supplier 56.39
+21.32% 67.26 Environment Environment 55.44


The Top 10 HKBSI Company Ranking

1. The Hong Kong and China Gas Company Limited
2. HSBC Holdings plc
3. BOC Hong Kong (Holdings) Limited
4. CLP Holdings Limited
5. MTR Corporation Limited
6. Sun Hung Kai Properties Limited
7. Hang Seng Bank Limited
8. New World Development Company Limited
9. Sino Land Co. Ltd.
10. Sands China Ltd.



Overall VPI Scores – 5th HKBSI vs 1st GBABSI

5th HKBSI Standard Deviation 1st GBABSI Standard Deviation
Total 57.54 18.81 45.60 21.77
Values 65.22 16.93 48.30 23.24
Process – Management 66.60 24.79 54.90 28.85
Process – Practice 65.31 21.89 53.36 24.54
Impact 38.62 19.72 29.84 20.95


Overall Performance Level

5th HKBSI (50 Companies) 1th GBABSI (67 Companies)
90-100 points
2 4% 1 (1 in HKBSI) 1.49%
80-89 points
6 12% 6 (5 in HKBSI) 8.96%
70-79 points
5 10% 4 (3 in HKBSI) 5.97%
60-69 points
10 20% 9 (4 in HKBSI) 13.43%
50-59 points
6 12% 4 (1 in HKBSI) 5.97%
Below 50 points
21 42% 43 (4 in HKBSI) 64.18%


Overall VPI Scores – 1st GBABSI (HK-based vs Non HK-based Companies)

HK-based Companies Non HK-based Companies
Total 54.80 36.12
Values 57.59 38.73
Process – Management 68.18 41.21
Process – Practice 62.48 43.98
Impact 36.35 23.14


The Top 10 GBABSI Company Ranking

1. The Hong Kong and China Gas Company Limited
2. BOC Hong Kong (Holdings) Limited
3. MTR Corporation Limited
4. Sun Hung Kai Properties Limited
5. Hang Seng Bank Limited
6. New World Development Company Limited
7. China Resources Power Holdings Co. Ltd.
8. Sino Land Co. Ltd.
9. Sands China Ltd.
10. Kerry Properties Ltd.

Image by 95C from Pixabay

Published 21 August 2020